Do you know that at the age of 3, the brain have completely built? It means that there are already enough neurons which will be used for the rest of someone’s life, even more. The last part of the brain built is the part which controls rational and logical thinking. This has given different mark for 3 years old children development. At this age, children has shown cognitive skill ability related with concept understanding. For example, when a 2 years old child is told about color routinely, what she can do is repeating the color words. If we provide two balls with different colors and we ask which one is red, she won’t be able to point the right color.While a 3 years old child, if she is given the same questions, she may point correctly. It is so because color recognition is cognitive skill which requires concept understanding and it is processed at the highest part of the brain.
Due to the brain development, then it’s the right time for children to learn many concepts as their brain has ready for those. One source which will be useful to help children’s learning is books. Here is the list of book types which suitable for 3 years old children :
1. Books about alphabet, number, colors and shapes
Those books probably have been given since 2 years old, but at this age children’s understanding about the concept will be different. If we read the book routinely, they will not only grasp the words, but the concept as well. It’s good to give variety of books types, such as:
- Story books about alphabet, number, colors and shapes
Alphabet and numbers are basically symbols. Those are the representation of sound and the amount of things. While colors and shapes are the attribute of things. Symbols, amount and attribute are abstract. It is still difficult to understand by 3 years old children. Therefore, story will be a good basic and a bridge for them to understand the concepts.
- Interactive books about alphabet, numbers, colors or shapes.
Alphabet Interactive Books
Number Interactive Books
Color and Shapes Interactive Books
Besides enjoyment, these kind of books will stimulate children’s senses as they have to touch, lift, and do experiment. And more than one sense stimulation will make children grasping concept easier than if they learn from one stimulation only.
2. Books about preposition and adjective
We use preposition and adjective on daily conversation. Children may have used the words as well. Yet, they may not quite understand the meaning. One way to start explaining about the meaning of both prepositions and adjective is through story book. From it, they can see pictures which describing about the preposition and adjective.
We don’t have to explain that the words are preposition or adjective ,which are part of speech, because those are still too difficult for children. We just have to explain the meaning of the words. Those need to be explained because those are used daily. If they don’t know the meaning, they may misplace things or making mistakes in describing things. This will also a good start to see the words printed on the book. So, when they later (in kindergarten) read early reading book, they have been familiar with the words.
3. Books about self
At the age of 3, they begin to have self concept. So, it’s good to give them book about parts of body, daily routine and good habits. Those will help them to understand about themselves and learn how to do daily routine and good habits. So, they can practice them in their daily life
4. Books about feelings
Feelings are adjective and part of self, but I put the books as a type of it’s own. It’s because feelings are very important to be recognized. We have feelings since we were born, but recognizing the feeling is something we have to learn and the age of three is the right time to do it.
5. Story and informative books
The last type is any books which suitable for 3 years old children. It’s always good to read our children many types of books because there are advantages they can get, such as :
- Story books will enhance their vocabularies and make them learning about values we want to teach them (other than enjoyment, of course), while informative books will enhance their knowledge.
- Children will be familiar with the language written in the books which a bit different with language they use in daily conversation. So, when later they read early reading book by themselves(in kindergarten) they have been familiar with the written language.
Those are 5 book types for three years old children. The books mentioned above have probably given since the age of two. It’s all right if the same books read again because three years old children will give different response. They will ask many questions related with the books’ content or anything which they think related with the story. When they do that, it’s actually the good time to explain the right concept for them. Yet, it’s not easy to make them grasping the concept. Here is the tips to explain a concept when we read book for them:
- Some words in the book may have not been understood by children. Therefore we have to transcribe the word into word they have known the meaning (It’s like explaining something using their language level). This is when they actually learn new vocabularies. It’s when they get new words and know the meaning.
- Relate the words or the story with their experience. For example, we read book about going to school. In the story, let’s say the character is a bit worried because she will go to school for the first time. After reading the story, we can ask questions whether our children have felt the same as the character when they go to school for the first time. By asking the questions, they will recall the experience and relate event in the story and in their own life. When they are able to relate both events, it can meant that they understood what the message in the story. If they can’t, they will usually ask questions. We can answer and ask them to imagine if they are in the situations, what would they feel and what should they do. Of course, they might be confused. Yet, this is the right time to give advice about what should they do. And this can be a preparation for them when they are in the same situation as in the story.
- After reading the book, it’s good to ask everything related about the book. We can ask about who are the characters, what do they do, what are the events in the story, what do they think about the characters, how they feel about the the character, the story or the book itself, etc. Those questions will help them grasping the concept or content of the book and practicing to express their thoughts or ideas. Those will be a good basic for later learning.
Happy reading 🙂
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