6 Book Types for 4 Years Old Children

          Four years old children have expanded their curiosity to things beyond their daily environment (home and school). For example, when they learn that lion lives in Africa, they will be curious to find out more about Africa. They will ask a lot questions about it which seems endless. It’s because after they get the answer of their first question, they may ask another questions which is based from the new information they get. They are able to do that because their cognitive skills have developed  a lot since the age of three. At this age, they are able to absorb and process information faster than when they were three. And this enables them to think of many question in a short time.

          The condition can be the right moment to give different kinds of books with the ones given at the age of three. Here is the types of books which are suitable for 4 years old children:

  1. Informative books such as book about animals, plants, science, culture, places, transportation, etc.

Informative Books

Choose suitable book for 4 years old children. Therefore, the book’s language level won’t be too difficult to understand by 4 years old. After we read the book for them, it’s better to relate the information from the book with children’s surrounding. This can be done by asking questions such as whether they have seen what’s on the book, where they’ve seen it, what did they do when they saw it, etc. Then, it will be better, if we take children go outing to see what they’ve seen on the book (if it is possible as what we read on the book may exist at faraway place. Therefore, it’s impossible to visit).

2. Books which require children to do activities such as experimenting or making art and craft.

Science and Craft Books

These kinds of books usually have lots of pictures instead of the writing. Therefore, children can follow the instruction by looking at the pictures. Yet, it doesn’t mean they can do it by themselves, we still have to accompany them when they experimenting or making craft. Therefore, we can give explanation which they need to understand the science concept and supervise them, just in case there are some experiments or craft projects which still require adults supervision. Hence, give minimum help or guidance (only when it’s needed) and give them the maximum freedom to do the experiment and making craft independently. Doing the activities will give children more insight about the information they want to know.

3. First dictionary and encyclopedia.

My First Dictionary and Encyclopedia

As children getting new information from the reading or from doing experiment, they will hear new words or new concept. Another sources to get the word meaning or explanation  are from dictionary and encyclopedia. Teach children how to use them. At the age of 4, they usually have recognized alphabet. So, when they want to know a word meaning or information, teach them to recognize the first letter of the word/keywords (to look information from encyclopedia). Then, teach them to look for the letter at the index of the dictionary or encyclopedia. After they find the word meaning/ the information, we can read them.

4. Phonic Books

Phonic Books

At the age of four, children commonly have recognized the alphabets. Yet, they still don’t know that alphabets are basically the representation of the sound we bring out. So, it’s the right time to start learning phonics as this will be a basic to learn how to read. Therefore, give children phonics book set. It is usually leveled up from the basic to the advance. Always start giving children the book from the basic and level up the book when they have mastered each level.

5. Logical thinking and math books

Logical Thinking and Math Books

Children’s ability in logical thinking and math must have developed a lot since the age of three. It’s the right time to give books which can practice their logical thinking and math. These kinds of books is usually leveled up too. So, as phonic books, start from the basic and level up when they have mastered each level.

6. Literature Books

Story Books

Reading children story or rhyme is an activity we must keep doing. Hence, there are things we can do more after we read for 4 years old children. Ask them about the characters, the events in the story, what do they like or don’t like about the story or characters, etc. This can be a way to check whether they understand the story (reading comprehension). The ability to comprehend the story is very important as it’s needed when they learn how to read later.

Then, explain also to them about the part of the book itself such as: the title, the author, the publisher, chapter, page, etc. Knowing the part of the book is a good basic for further learning such as in writing lesson (in terms of making a writing, not in writing the alphabets)

          Those are the book types for 4 years old children. As children commonly have entered school at this age, it’s better to match some books with the ones given at school. Therefore, children will get more chance to comprehend the book they read. So, collect books which are suitable for 4 years old children at home, as those will be good source to answer lots of children’s questions. By reading them, they will know that books are one source to get the information they want to know. And this understanding will be a good basic for their further lesson in the later stage of education such as researching and writing.

Related Postings:

5 Book Types for 2 Years Old Children

5 Book types for 3 Years Old Children

The Opportunity to Arrange Schedule: A Basic to Achieve Schedule Making Ability

         After children grasp the concept of schedule in terms that schedule is basically the sequence of daily activities, it’s time to take the next step. It’s giving children the opportunity to arrange their own schedule. This can be started as early as 4 years old. Of course at this age, they are not making the whole schedule, only arranging certain activities. For example, a 4 years old is given the opportunity to arrange the sequence of their entertaining activities after school like whether firstly they’re going to play their toys or watch their favorite video.

          The kind of activities they can arrange will be varied. Those will depend on:

  1. The values of the family.

Arranging schedule is one kind of responsibilities. It’s because schedule can’t be made/filled with fun activities only. It includes activities which may not be too liked to do. Yet, it must be done as it is important for our life. When it comes to responsibility, every families has its own rules/values related to it. These will determine what activities can be arranged by children.

     2. The age of children and the abilities they’ve developed.

Children’s age usually determines what ability they have developed. The abilities determine what are the activities they will be able to arrange by themselves. For example:

Age Activities Children Can Manage
4 Play time in the afternoon. They can arrange whether firstly they want to watch movie or play their toys.
5 Activities after school. They can arrange whether firstly they want to play or take a nap.
6 They can arrange activities related with academic activities. For instance, they want to do homework after school or in the evening.

As children grow and they have learned more about responsibility, more activities can be arranged by themselves. They also can be given the opportunity to set the time. So, basically the opportunity to arrange their own schedule is given step by step.

          Understanding both factors will make us easy in determining the activities they can arrange. It’s important to do because we have to give limitations. If we don’t do that, they will make schedule as they pleased without considering the responsibility that attach to the schedule. For instance, they may want to play or watch video all the time and not doing other important activities.

          After determining the activities children can arrange, it’s time to tell them the good news. Why it is good news? It’s because the opportunity to arrange the schedule will fulfill the need of self independent. A fulfillment of a need will give satisfaction which in turn will make children proud and happy. Something that makes happy is a good news.

          In telling this and how the opportunity can be applied, there are ways we can do:

  • Inform children that they can arrange some activities. Explain the reason why they can only arrange some activities, the responsibility behind the schedule arrangement and the consequences  (if there is any). This way will make them learning about the responsibility that attach with the schedule.
  • Ask them to write and draw on a schedule table (which is basically the same as the table in the schedule board). For example:

Schedule Table Writing by 4 Years Old

Note: The activity drawing means playing time.

The schedule table can be written on the paper or on a dry erase board, like

Autumn Theme Magnetic Dry Erase Board with Marker

 

Starting at the age of 4, we can ask children to copy the words of daily routine, time, activities and ask them to draw/doodles the activities. While starting at the age of 5, instead of drawing, we can ask them to write the activities. It is good to start making the table by drawing or writing because at the age of 4 and 5, they are eager to do both activities. So, we basically encourage them to do the activity they like and fulfill the need of self independent (in this case, fulfilled by the opportunity to arrange their own schedule)

          The combination of the fulfillment of child’s need and the encouragement to do child’s loving activities will make children doing the activities excitedly. When they do something excitedly, they tend to do it over and over. Something that is done repeatedly can become habit. And this will be a good basic for children to have the ability of making schedule in a responsible way.

Related Posting:

Daily Schedule Routine (Part 1): It’s Benefit in Dealing with Young Children

Daily Schedule Routine (Part 2): The Example

Daily Schedule Routine (Part 3): It’s Application in Life

Introducing to 2 & 3 Years Old Children by Sequencing Daily Routine Activities